With 3.9 million square kilometers, it was about a marine region that is almost as large as the European Union. Just living and doing business in the EU population of 500 million, while in the icy waters around Antarctica little people, but countless penguins, whales, seals, albatrosses, mini crabs and fish earn their livelihood. It is one of the last regions of the world, people have been little changed.
the 25 members of the International Commission for the Conservation of the living resources in the Antarctic therefore wanted (CCAMLR) set up a large system of conservation areas there. At a special meeting in Bremerhaven, the scientists agreed after long discussions yet on Monday, as important would be those zones. However, in the later political negotiations wiped Russia and Ukraine with a surprising and flimsy legal argument the findings of researchers from the table. “No one understands why this happened,” said Bob Zuur now by WWF in New Zealand. “We have to speak until the next meeting in October in Tasmania in detail with the Russians.” So the negotiations go into overtime. With cautious optimism – because really, all participants were already agreed in 2011 to protect the region
from krill almost all depends
“The ice sheets of Antarctica provide the basis for the overflowing life in the Southern Ocean,” said Bob Zuur. The cold air resulting in death to the eternal ice rushes that is as ice cold fall wind down to the sea. There, the air not only powers ocean currents that affect the climate of the entire planet. The fall winds also cool off the water so much that it sinks to the bottom of the Southern Ocean and held there stirs up nutrients. This gigantic cloud of fertilizer and sunlight nourish many algae and bacteria, which in turn often end up in the mouth of krill. The tiny crabs in the frigid waters around the Antarctic in droves and for many larger animals are an important staple food. Even the tiny blue whale seventh in his huge mouth out of the water.
seals, penguins and lots of fish for krill plaster dream about. Or they destroy fish and other marine animals that have fed on krill. “These second-hand krill-eaters, for example, includes the albatrosses, for the Southern Ocean is a big buffet,” says Zuur. More importantly this Southern Ocean is the great whales, around 80 percent of them feed in these waters. Krill thus depends on Zuurs words from almost all life in the sea off Antarctica. However long the fishing fleets catch not only fish in the Antarctic, but also the small crabs. Although krill is good not quite the menu for the people, but is an ideal food for aquaculture and provides omega-3 fatty acids, which are supposed to be healthy for humans. The teeming ecosystem on the brink of eternal ice is therefore at risk.
reserves can protect the marine world
Partly for this reason, New Zealand and the United States of the CCAMLR Commission proposed to designate 2.3 million square kilometers of the Ross Sea as a reserve off the Antarctic stations of the two countries. Australia, France and the European Union want together with 1.63 million square kilometers also convert seven marine regions off the coast of East Antarctica in protected areas where commercial fishing will be restricted. Invited by the German government, the CCAMLR Members discussed the proposals now until Tuesday at Bremerhaven.
“Behind CCAMLR but are the major fishing nations of the world,” says Tim Packeiser by WWF in Hamburg. Among the 25 members include Italy, Spain, France, Germany, Poland, Russia, China, Japan, India, New Zealand, Australia, the United States, Brazil, Argentina, Chile and the European Union. While only members are bound under international law to the decisions of CCAMLR. “However, the decisions of such a circle will be smaller countries probably also take into account,” says marine ecologist Packeiser. Especially using satellite technology illegal actions can be revealed and for infringement countries such as Australia, New Zealand, France and South Africa need be able to use their Coast Guard and Navy to make sinners arrest.
more than 30 conservation organizations such as WWF, Greenpeace, Deep Wave and Whale and Dolphin Conservation (WDC) that have come together to form an “Antarctic Ocean Alliance” (AOA), are therefore convinced that reserves the unique marine life in the South can effectively protect ocean. At least if the 23 other CCAMLR partners Russia and Ukraine can convince of it by October, to drop their legal objections. As the decisions of this merger will only be taken unanimously – so there is a veto for each