Monday, October 12, 2015

“Many consider democracy for an outdated technology,” – Telepolis

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is the mastery of people using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to a real danger. That says Kai Schlieter in his so book The rule formula – such as artificial intelligence computed us, controls and changed our lives In an interview with Telepolis explains sociologist and taz editor, the dangers of, inter alia, deeper intertwined in our lives AI with it.

Schlieter states that the KI continually undermined the autonomy of people and points out that it offers an enormous potential for the one who is able, with their people’s future to anticipate. Then, as Schlieter, he can “advance influence and change this future in his senses”.

In your book, you have taken a theme from the probably many have heard something, but that’s probably not so easy to understand. Artificial Intelligence or in short: AI. Can you tell us: What exactly does AI?

Kai Schlieter: Artificial Intelligence describes the attempt systems – robots or software – teach independent action , These systems learn to find themselves in an unfamiliar environment for them cope and solve problems. This applies to real environments where moving example self-propelled cars. This applies as well for virtual environments – ie data universes.

The ideal is a system that can solve every problem that arises in the specific environment. The universal problem solver is a goal of AI research has always been.

IBM Watson is a so-called expert system that has been trained on medical expertise. The system can evaluate thousands of medical studies, it already draw conclusions and develop therapy proposals. It dominates formally much more knowledge than any physicians in the world. It “understands” in some ways even semantic relationships. And it keeps getting better with more processing power and more data. In principle, this system with the relevant data you access to all areas of knowledge and actually be a universal problem solver.

KI is so interesting if the problems to be solved are so complex that they are no longer modeled by programmers be able?

Kai Schlieter: Right. The modeling then take self-learning systems that build a kind experience and be able to solve more complicated problems on this basis. As Revolution researchers are currently describing the development of artificial neural networks that simulate certain brain functions. These networks transform data into mathematics. They translated the world in a language with which they can operate.

The backbone of the world economy consists of AI systems that control themselves

But AI makes itself but also in our immediate everyday noticeable.

Kai Schlieter: Definitely. Our daily life is permeated with – depending on the required application, more or less – acting autonomously systems. Computer act with computers on the stock exchange on the basis of economic information, which in turn were generated by computers – the backbone of the world economy consists of AI systems that control himself.

And then there’s Google.

Kai Schlieter: Google is the largest AI company in the world. Every human requirements trained the system to improve future requirements. It created mathematical models thereby our preferences and desires.

Human behavior is transformed by “social” media into data that can be read for artificial neural networks. Also hidden behind Big Data: The legibility of man by artificial intelligent systems. “Big Data” means always KI. That is the key technology. With the bulk data intelligence services could not do anything, if not learning software would make the data universes manageable.

Google knows why literally billions of people – their most intimate secrets and desires, their mistakes and what makes them vulnerable. With psychological models of these and similar data-corporations know more about us than our best friends.

Is not that a little exaggerated?

Kai Schlieter: No, this is literally so, and no dramatic exaggeration. Until the deepest inside – probably more than we even know about us, because we can not litigate these datasets over us. This makes us predictable and manipulable, because this information can be our future predict very accurately. Because we are prisoners of certain habits that can be read as a pattern. More and more law enforcement agencies in the world – also in Germany – employ such methods to calculate, will happen in the future where crimes.

It’s at KI therefore not whether machines sometime exactly human intelligence Copy and eventually acquire an awareness. It involves the total transformation of all processes in data that can be measured and transcribed into a machine language. It comes to optimization of information processing and, related to processes of automation.

Does not that many jobs will go eventually lost – through the use of AI?

Kai Schlieter: Several studies have warned that over the next 10 years, around 50 per cent of Jobs could be lost. This applies not only for mechanical work. Our intellect is based on permanent learning information processing. The human understanding of language information processing. Learning these systems. They learn speech, vision and understanding on the basis of mathematical and statistical correlations. In a way, also feel, because they develop statistical models that represent certain emotional patterns. Presumably intelligent machines are in all these things are better than people.

Soon it will be a matter of course, to talk with artificial intelligences. There is already a toy, which is coupled to an AI-Cloud. Kids entertain themselves with these stuffed animals and get meaningful answers. This permanent fall of data, because these interactions are fed back. It’s all about this.

Data are raw material and the invisible currency of today. Because they represent our behavior, buying habits or the risks posed by us. They are universal. Possession of data defines why a power relationship. Data are not just money but power. Human behavior was his Datafizierung a commodity. Another reason why those companies are the most powerful players in the present, whose business model is based on data. Some say that data is the oil of the present – would more accurately: the uranium present.

Next Page

“Many hold democracy for an outdated technology”

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