the first time since the beginning of the Ebola epidemic a person outside of West Africa has been infected with the virus. Two tests with a nurse who had cared for a missionary infected at a clinic in Madrid were, been positive, the Spanish Health Minister Ana Mato said on Monday.
On the night of Tuesday, the patient developed in the already two of Ebola priest was transferred from a hospital in the Madrid suburb of Alcorcón in the Special Hospital Carlos III, treated were. The police escorted the ambulance convoy with the woman. The Spanish authorities were now an emergency plan in place, said Minister Mato.
Until now experts had thought it unlikely that people outside of West Africa could become infected with the virus and referred to the vastly improved standards of hygiene and protection options. Only the day before a study from Lancaster University had become known, had calculated especially for France and the UK a high risk of Ebola If within the next three weeks. But the whole thing was a real gamble, one of the researchers had commented. Now it has hit Spain first.
This is the Ebola virus
The Ebola virus is one of the most dangerous pathogens in the world. ., It triggers a so-called hemorrhagic, that is, with profuse bleeding from associated continuous, fever
Depending on the pathogen strain die 25 to 90 percent of patients on an Ebola disease. . Spite of intensive research, there is neither a proven vaccine or cure
The origins of the virus in the animal kingdom. People can become infected through contact with infected animals, including monkeys or bats. From person to person, the disease transmits through blood and other body fluids.
The incubation period is two days to three weeks. Suddenly, fever, headache, muscle pain, weakness and sore throat use. . Later, kidney and liver function go back, it can cause severe internal bleeding
The Danger Zone
Ebola occurs mainly near the African rain forest. For the first time it appeared in 1976 in Sudan and Congo near the Ebola River. He owes the disease its name.
The sick woman was a medical team to the had the 69-year-old Spanish missionary Manuel Garcia Viejo supplied, who had been flown to his Ebola infection in Sierra Leone to Madrid, but was died there in September. In August she had been the Spanish priest Miguel Pajares care who also died.
As the woman had become infected is unclear, said Mato. According to the Director General of the initial medical care of the Region of Madrid, Antonio Alemany, the woman walked twice the sickroom of the Ebola patients Viejo. Once for the care, another time right after the death of the Spanish clergy. An infection in the missionary Miguel Pajares was excluded.
woman in quarantine
The married but childless nurse came after her holiday on Sunday with a high fever in a hospital in Alcorcón and was quarantined. The Director of primary medical care, Antonio Alemany, said the authorities would create a list of the persons with which the nurse had been in contact. Her husband and the paramedics that they had taken were observed, but were not in quarantine. The health of more than 30 people will be monitored. Where the wife spent their vacation, was initially unclear.
The Ebola virus is transmitted only by direct contact with body fluids. In West Africa, entire families were infected quickly because they took care of sick relatives and anfassten the bodies. In West Africa, the World Health Organization (WHO) is now out of around 3500 Ebola dead. A total of 7492 cases were reported until Friday. This mainly affects Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone.
Chronology of the current Ebola epidemic
experts assume in retrospect that there is the first case of the epidemic in the Guéckédou region in Guinea.
23-25th March 2014
In Guinea, according to a radio report about 60 people have died from Ebola, there are nearly 100 infected. Two days later Ebola is also detected in Liberia, at least five people have died.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) die five people in Sierra Leone. A month later, on June 23, warning the first expert that the epidemic is out of control
In Nigeria, a government adviser Liberia collapses at the airport. . Days later he dies, the test results: he had been infected with Ebola
The disease is also spreading in Nigeria, there can, however, be contained.
the first time an Ebola-infected people is brought to Europe: Spain fly a the priest Miguel Pajares. He died shortly afterwards. . On 8 August, the WHO classifies the epidemic as an international health emergency, a
The Democratic Republic of the Congo reported infections with Ebola. . The outbreak is independent of the in West Africa
27-29 . August
the first time is an Ebola patient from West Africa to Germany. It is treated in the University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf. Two days later reached the epidemic with a sick student from Guinea to Senegal. The patient is now considered cured
A UN Special Mission (UNMEER) opened its headquarters in Ghana. In the state of Texas is diagnosed in a man from Liberia Ebola.
In Spain, a nurse infected with Ebola. Thus, a person has been infected for the first time in Europe. The nurse had a sick with Ebola Spanish priest cared, who had been brought to Madrid for the treatment of Sierra Leone and there died a few days later.
In Africa, however, infected another medical helper with the Ebola virus. The person from Norway have been infected while working for MSF in Sierra Leone and was in quarantine, the charity said on Monday. A further transport to Norway is planned.
A pharmaceutical manufacturers from the U.S. state of North Carolina presented an Ebola patient in Dallas an experimental antiviral agent available. Laboratory tests have suggested that the drug against Ebola virus could be successful, the company Chimerix Inc. announced. The drug is in a final stages of testing for other virus types.
The Hospital in Dallas said on Monday, the patient broke out in the Ebola during a visit to USA, was in critical condition. He had been treated with the drug Brincidofovir.
U.S. President Barack Obama urged a more international involvement in the fight against Ebola on. Without naming specific states, Obama said other countries were not aggressive enough action against the virus. His government was considering also thorough checks of passengers from the countries concerned. How exactly do these controls are to run, he did not say. The risk of an extensive outbreak of the epidemic in the United States but was “extremely low.”
University Hospital Frankfurt sees no Ebola security leak
The Frankfurt University Hospital takes the Ebola infection in Spain for the time being not as an opportunity to increase their own security arrangements. So far we have found no leak in Frankfurt, said Hans-Reinhard Brodt, Head of Infectious Diseases, on Tuesday. In Frankfurt an Ebola patient is also treated – a doctor from Uganda who had been infected in Sierra Leone with the virus. Brodt said, still lacked information about how it could come in Spain to the infection. “We still do not know if there was a system error or not.” This case troubled the staff, he added.
In Liberia, the union of health care workers has called for a go-slow, because it is not satisfied with the salary adjustments for the dangerous work in the Ebola stations. The WHO Representative in Liberia appealed to the nurses, nurses and health workers to dispense with such industrial action. A wildcat strike would increase the burdens and risks to other colleagues and bring the patients additionally in danger.
Marburg fever in Uganda
Another bad news came out of Africa: In Uganda, which is closely related erupted with Ebola Marburg fever. A hospital employee in the East African country succumbed to the virus, several have possibly infected. A total of 80 people stood in quarantine under observation, said the director of the National Health Service, Jane Aceng, the news agency dpa in Kampala. President Yoweri Museveni called on the population to remain calm.
Previous outbreaks in Uganda could be contained relatively quickly. In the Marburg victims were a 30-year radiographers a Christian mission hospital in the capital Kampala. He died on September 28, according to the authorities. Although infection with the virus are rare, but run according to the World Health Organization (WHO) very often fatal. The virus causes severe bleeding.