Monday, November 16, 2015

Technology: China invests in domestic semiconductor industry – Tagesspiegel

12:41 clock By Daniel Mosler <- self.position eq 1 -> <- inteaserpicposition:! 1 -> <- self.position: 1 -> <- classid:! hcf center -> <- position: center -> <- text position: hcf text-left -> <- inhaspic: true ->

The Chinese company Tsinghua invested around 47 billion US dollars to the Top -3 semiconductor manufacturers advance. Chinese IT companies continue on a shopping spree.

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That would the semiconductor mix -Markt duly: The Chinese group Qinghua wants to rise to the next five years, among the top-3 of the global chip and semiconductor manufacturers. These investments of around 47 billion US dollars are planned. Around 30 billion dollars come here by the Chinese government, such as the company in Beijing told. Currently the American manufacturer Qualcomm is behind Samsung and Intel in third place on the world strongly expanding market. The chip and semiconductor industry experienced strong demand for smartphones through the computers and in recent years a strong growth. So far, American, Japanese and Korean manufacturers to share a large part of the market.

Investments with the blessing of the government

The European still largely unknown company Tsinghua in 2003 from Tsinghua University in Beijing founded and is represented by a wide range of electronic devices in the Asian market. The Chinese group with an annual turnover of around 12.3 billion yuan is wholly state-owned. The Chinese government has been trying for several years to a stronger presence of local companies in the expanding market of semiconductors and memory chips. So far, Chinese companies need to import most of the components for smartphones and computers. Tsinghua has invested in the past two years already around 9.4 billion US dollars in the IT companies Western Digital and Powertech Technology. Only in August, the US government rejected the purchase of IT giants Micron by Tsinghua. The Chinese company is said to have offered about 23 billion US dollars for Micron, suggest industry experts. The reason was the concern about the transfer of key technology. So far, Chinese companies lag in specific technology areas back four to five years, said Tsinghua boss Xu Jinghong in an interview

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China wants to become more independent

The Chinese government has been working for several years targeted on making in digital technologies less dependent on other countries. Currently monitor the top 5 of the global chip and semiconductor manufacturers more than 90 percent of the entire market with a total volume of around 355 billion US dollars. In particular, the demand for so-called NAND memory, which is required for example for smartphones, laptops and computers, is rising rapidly. Industry experts expect the emergence of Smart Watches is fueling this trend even further. In addition to the civil use is the chip and semiconductor industry and for the military division of increasing importance. Experts expect that in the future more and more conflicts are carried out by targeted attacks over the Internet. It is therefore assumed that the Chinese military wants to make its own IT industry independent of imports from abroad independently.

fear of Chinese espionage

Because of the close proximity of Chinese Companies to the Chinese government feared many western governments targeted spying of key technologies. Since March 2013 US authorities may, for example, do not buy Chinese IT equipment more. This was triggered by investments of the Chinese group Huawei in the US mobile network. American companies expressed then fears that Huawei could thus access to secret information. Last year, the EU Commission announced that no further anti-subsidy investigations into Chinese telecoms manufacturer Huawei and ZTE Corp. initiate. Both companies are accused to procure funds through state competitive advantages

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