In Europe, many more people than before 2030 struggling with obesity. The World Health Organization (WHO) for the European Region in Copenhagen warns of a “preponderance crisis of enormous proportions.” Especially dramatic could meet this Ireland: Here almost all adults will be obese by 2030 according assumptions of health experts. But even in countries where obesity far less of a problem was – as in Sweden – to increase the numbers
The body mass index is calculated as follows: body weight in kilograms divided by height times height in meters. With a height of 1.90 meters and weighing 90 kg therefore the BMI is less than 25. ‘/ P>
What is normal?
According to the World Health Organization, a BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 is considered normal. From a value of 30 kilograms per square meter Height Overweight deemed in need of treatment.
The study compared the researchers data to be overweight (body mass index from 25) and obesity (BMI 30) of European men and women of 2010 projections for 2030. The figures from all 53 countries of the European Region presented the WHO on the occasion of the European Congress on Obesity in Prague. The Germans are therefore thicker. Weight problems meet primarily the male sex. Nearly half of all women (2030: 47 percent; 2010: 44 percent) and almost two thirds of men (2010: 62 percent; 2030: 65 percent) have projected to the researchers in 2030 overweight. Almost one in four men (24 percent; 2010: 21 percent) and slightly more than one in five women (21 percent; 2010: 15 percent) could then be obese
Flexitarians are people living health conscious and also eat so. For them, it does not necessarily reflect fundamental concerns to consume meat. This comes at Flexitariern namely quite on the plate – but rarely. And if so, then the animal usually comes from appropriate organic stance, if possible from the local area. Flexitarians are in fact often the so-called Lohas * to find. In addition to the knowledge that a one-sided meat-heavy diet for the modern city dweller is unhealthy (and sometimes the celebrated anticipation of the Sunday roast as something special!) Flexitarians themselves are well aware of the environmental impact extensive meat consumption.
* people which a healthy and sustainable lifestyle care (Lifestyle of Health and Sustainability)
freegan distinguished less by strict rules of the form “I must eat – that I must not eat” as if by the will, with the location of their food cover a to set an example. Freegan do not go to the supermarket, but behind it. . They get their food from the garbage of supermarkets and discounters and sit down so against the throwaway society and food waste a
Frutarian maintain a particularly strict form of the plant-based diet. The harvesting of their chosen plants (-bestandteilen) allowed the whole organism of the plant neither damage nor have his death. Some Frutarian consume apples for example, only as windfalls. . Tubers about (such as potatoes) are not allowed: You are the energy storage of the potato plant and therefore it is vital to life
lacto-vegetarians assume no eggs to be. Dairy products may besides food of non-animal origin but are consumed.
Ovo-lacto-vegetarians practicing a relatively widespread and in daily life rather uncomplicated form of vegetarianism. Apart from purely plant-based products such as fruits or vegetables take Ovo-lacto-vegetarian eggs and dairy products to be so food, for obtaining them no animals must be slaughtered.
No dairy products, but eggs (and plant foods) may ovo take a vegetarian to be. Among other things, a solution for about vegetarians who do not have a moral problem with the consumption of eggs, but suffer from lactose intolerance.
Pescetarier are people whose diet fish (depending on the severity and molluscs, milk and / or eggs) combined and vegetarian food. Pescetarianism is often as other alternative diets also, over connected to a discomfort of factory farming.
Vegan diet means: neither fish nor fowl, nor eggs or dairy products are on the menu. Instead, there are fruits and vegetables. For the protein supply use vegans (like many other vegetarians too) vegetable proteins contain about in tofu (soy protein) or seitan (wheat protein – gluten). Strict vegans, the vegan diet but more than one form: They reject the use of animals (and therefore also of animal products) from. That is a strict vegan: In addition to the above-listed products he avoids honey and wax products, cosmetics containing animal ingredients as well as leather. Who is strict vegan-oriented, at the grocery store can not just resort to ready-made products – often hide in the long list of ingredients such courts milk powder, butter oil or egg protein powder. A strict vegan therefore need a certain amount of stamina and meticulousness.
elsewhere falls developing forecasts According extreme from. Accordingly, in 2030 almost all the adult Irish overweight. Almost half the men (48 percent) and more than half of women (57 percent) in the country will be obese. In the UK, this applies to a third of all women. Even Greece, Spain, Sweden, Austria and the Czech Republic have to adjust to much more overweight. In 2030, twice as many Greeks could be obese than ever in 2010. And while in 2010 only 14 percent of Swedish men were obese, it should be in 2030 more than a quarter. The trend towards more pounds spared thus hardly a country.
“Governments need to do more to limit the marketing of unhealthy food and to make healthy food more affordable,” demanded Laura Webber from the British Health Forum that the project had carried out in cooperation with the WHO in Europe.
But not only health problems burdening those affected. Especially highly obese people (BMI from 35) are also often exposed to prejudice and discrimination – about twice as likely as other Obese as a study by researchers at the University Hospital Leipzig shows. For this, the authors analyzed more than two dozen international studies – also from Germany. “The results prove that the discrimination based on obesity and its negative consequences highly relevant issues in society,” said lead author Jenny Spahlholz
However, in the data of the WHO, at least put some good news. In the Netherlands people are, according to the assumptions slimmer. Fewer than half the men there is still overweight in 15 years to be (2010: 54 percent), only 8 percent were obese (2010: 10 percent). Instead of 13 percent in 2030 to fight therefore only 9 percent of Dutch women with obesity.