Monday, February 1, 2016

New Technology – The boom of 3D printers – Frankfurter Rundschau

01 February 2016

The cost was so far the biggest drag on the 3D printing. Photo: Imago / ZUMA Press

Experts expect a massive growth of new technologies in aerospace and medical. But even miniature figures on the principle “my star and I” could become coveted collectors’ items.

Of this dream football fans. Arm in arm with Jerome Boateng, Thomas Müller or Manuel Neuer. This can be relatively easy to achieve and soon even preserve permanently. However, only on a smaller scale of 1:10 or 1:20 and not flesh and blood, but plastic. The European Football Championship in the summer, enthusiasts can determine three-dimensional Selfies with their heroes of the national or – can give – even better. They are manufactured by the company Staramba, a Berlin startup company namely in 3D printing. Countless numbers of items can be produced “printer” with a. This new technology is experiencing a boom – not only for friends of ball games. Experts expect massive growth, especially in the aerospace and medical technology.

Nevertheless. Staramba boss Julian von Hassell sees great potential also in business with miniature figures of football. The trailer did not want to just hats and scarves, but increasingly “individual and selbstkonfigurierte solutions”. The miniature figures on the principle “my star and I” are coveted collectibles. The star will be printed once again digitized data. The fan has to scan for a reduced image of himself only his head with a smartphone. An appropriate body is selected from a digital library of human forms. And all this not only for Euro 2016. Staramba offers a large team of international football stars, which are distributed through fan shops. Even pop musicians such as Sido or the metal band Black Veil Brides are available at Staramba miniature, but very detailed -. The distinction the 3D printing products from crude injection, as von Hassell

Staramba is just a business model for 3D printing, which was celebrated a few years ago as a sensation. Plastic or metal, all conceivable shapes can be produced, even the most complex. Print means that the objects are built layer by layer under computer control. In recent months, stores in many places have been opened where preferably scanned self-portraits are printed.

The analysts of the market research firm Gartner expect that this year the world nearly 500000 3D printers are sold. That’s more than twice as much as in 2015. And the signs point to a rapid growth. 2018 should amount to nearly 2.5 million units of sales already. The Gartner has named 3D printing as one of the ten most important trends in the high-tech industry for 2016 and expects a kind of self-reinforcing effect, which is driven by technological progress. The process around the three-dimensional printing had reached a high level of maturity. This hardware and software would be more readily available and cheaper. This would generate opportunities for new business ideas, demand and competition would increase and new applications emerge, which reduces cost and so on


Every other dental crown comes from the Printer

On the forthcoming computer show CeBIT and subsequent Hannover Messe 3D printing will be at the center – as an example of new adults from the digitization production, often with the label industry 4.0 are provided.

The cost was far the biggest drag on the 3D printing. It is not suitable for mass production. Therefore, the technology has only chances when it comes to high-quality, custom products. In the medical technology both true. Thus provides Gartner now every major hearing aid manufacturers products that are to be for the patient’s ear snugly. Therefore, the 3D printing have made a breakthrough in this field of business. A market with a potential of 15 billion dollars a year worldwide to see the market researchers at hip and knee joints. Again, the key point is that the implants can be manufactured up to the fraction of a millimeter exact match for the patient. Several studies prove that the cure in the use of printed joints is faster that the mobility of patients is after bigger and that the success rate is higher in complex operations. Gartner predicts that printed artificial joints in two to five years will be the standard.

The most advanced is the use of the new procedures in dental technology. According to media reports now comes every other dental crown or bridge from a printer. The jaw is scanned and within just one day can produce implants.

Routinely it is also now about even at the Airbus subsidiary Premium Aerotech in Lower Saxony Varel. There, the production will be ramped up from double-walled fuel pipes made of titanium straight. The component is made by a laser in the 3D printing process of titanium powder. “We went to series,” says Airbus manager Peter Sander. Formerly part of the cast was made and was twice as expensive. The aircraft manufacturer has currently some. Mid-year should also be printed with stainless steel. And next year the company intends to create a partition of aluminum in 2.10 length in one piece. For aircraft manufacturers of 3D printing is extremely interesting, because it allows to reduce weight. And weight is critical in aviation, since making it possible to save fuel. Airbus engineers look at it, the design principles of plant starting to develop as an extremely lightweight and extremely strong support that can not be manufactured with conventional machines, but only with 3D printers. It is fitted to the new A350 jet.

Far from the practical application, however, is a true science fiction theme: the so-called Bio-Printing. Five to ten years it will take time before these methods could prevail, expect the experts at Gartner. Cells, living tissues, proteins, and DNA will one day come out of the printer. Analyst Michael Shanler speaks very cautious of “significant barriers”. Because you have to do it at the Bio-Printing with extreme complexity, and a very high level of care is also necessary. Nevertheless dream futurologists already from printing entire organs


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