Tuesday, August 4, 2015

China tightened export controls for technology – ZDNet.de

China has the export of some drones and particularly powerful computers limited. As the official news agency Xinhua reported require manufacturers from 15 August, an export license. In order that exports not “national security, the government wants to ensure gefährden".



Flag of the People's Republic of China (Image: protocol.gov. hk) From a press release of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and the customs authorities thus indicate that the new rules for supercomputer with a capacity of more than 8 teraflops apply. A permit is also needed for the supply of drones abroad if these more than an hour can fly at an altitude of over 15,420 feet.

In July China Daily reported, have the People’s Republic of first in the five months of the year exported 160,000 civilian drones, 70 percent more than the same period last year. Their value amounted to more than 120 million dollars. The leading Chinese provider DJI also told Chinese media that its products were not covered by the new provisions. This suggests that the government wants to regulate the export of military technology in the first place.

In the field of supercomputing China wants may well defend its current leadership position. Since June 2013 is the Tianhe-2 at the top of the Top500 list of most powerful supercomputers -. Currently has a peak output of 33.86 petaflops (quadrillion floating-point operations per second)

In the past week had US -President Barack Obama ordered the development of exascale supercomputers. Your hardware and software to achieve “about the hundred times the performance of today’s 10-petaflop systems”. An exascale computer is to turn four authorities are:. The FBI, the National Institutes of Health, which is responsible for counterterrorism Department of Homeland Security and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which deals with climate research

The National Strategic Computing Initiative is spread over 15 years. It means more consolidation and more money for research: Cray and Intel develop some already commissioned by the US government, a system with target 180 petaflops, which cost $ 200 million in 2018 to be completed. And IBM, NVIDIA and Mellanox have 2014 started work on two new supercomputers. They should go into operation in 2017 and then be the fastest supercomputer in the world. Commissioned by the US Department of Energy. The budget for both Sierra and Summit mentioned systems amounted to 325 million dollars.

The growth of the 500 fastest computing systems has slowed since 2008. From November 2014 to June 2015 the total output of all 500 systems has increased from 309 to 363 petaflops. This was “a marked slowdown in growth,” the editors write the run since 1993 list. Since June 2013 lacked above all new very large systems to compensate for the reduced growth rate at the end of the list. Whether the export restrictions by the Chinese government and / or the exascale initiative of the US can reverse this trend remains to be seen.

[With material by Asha Barbaschow, ZDNet.com]

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