Friday, April 3, 2015

Nature and technology are one: generative design brings things to … – Huffington Post Germany

All the wonderful things that have ever been invented, designed, and finally realized, have one thing in common. Whether building, bridge, automobile, machine or appliance: They’re all dead objects.

These products of human inventor spirit created in a certain process flow and can in all qualities and abilities but never behave like a living being. You can either actively recognize their environment and respond accordingly nor can they co-operate independently to be particularly complex tasks. In any case, was the date. But all signs point to change.

No doubt it was the technology that has the first human survival, then making progress. But she can also be a contrast between technology-related and natural needs arise. Today, when the design is very straight cut in almost all areas of the technology and influenced by it, gaining a new movement in importance, the design much more lively and dynamic received.

computer intelligence to the next level

Nature has its own method in the design. It uses the best so far existing solution, copied or she develops them further. In contrast, the man-made design process often starts at zero. Not infrequently, however, the wheel is reinvented – and improved in the most favorable case only in minor details. A revolutionary new feature not usually arises. Nature, however, knows only one direction: always moving forward!

It has taken a great advantage, because you have free access to any of their designs, their schemes and ideas that have taken over the Earth’s becoming clearer. What if the person could choose to follow suit? Computer learning algorithms are now able to identify matching patterns in millions of 3D models and to independently generate taxonomies – without human control.

The computer captures all elements and components, classified them and recognize their relations with each other. Thus, such as the gears of a transmission function, as well as the individual elements interact and thus bring about a certain effect. If the computer has successfully mastered this task, he can produce a variety of new design options for each component design and then use this as constituent elements for the next concrete design task.

The Nature examines all possible solutions that are good for maximizing performance in a particular environment. Exactly this is now handled by the computer -. And is so much more than “just” an instrument for example, if a device is to be designed for torque transfer, suggests the computer is a whole set of possible design solutions

<. p> These gear compounds or toothed discs can include, for example. If the transmission is the best solution, developed the computer as a result several design options and configurations for this solution. Operates a computer in this nature corresponding way, the designer can concentrate on the main objective, while the computer takes the necessary selection process.

generative design is evolution

generative design mimics the approach of nature. The means: It starts from the target and then looks for the best ways to get there This involves systematically and selectively, so that in the end the best way stops Until recently, generative design existed almost exclusively in scientific computer theory…

The calculation process was too time-consuming for practical use. This has changed with the Cloud: It allows access to the necessary resources and the parallel development of millions of options. This higher capacity is ultimately the driver of evolution because it allows the identification of the best variant in a period, could be worked out in advance just a variant.

On the basis of relevant parameters such as weight, surface or stiffness, the computer determines the most appropriate geometries. The designer needs to evaluate the proposals then only on aesthetic aspects and to instruct the computer accordingly.

This is continuing its development work then continued to the point where the designer finishes the process. The probability is very high that the user actually at this time can achieve the best result objectively -. One that makes its traditionally generated predecessor in every way in the shadows

Community of Things

The modern answer to the changing world is the planned obsolescence. If the circumstances change, but the product remains the same, it must be replaced by another. What would be, if the design beyond the point of initial design extends? Perception, reaction ability and potential for cooperation: If that is possible, things that arise in the future, about three skills must have. “Living”

The simplest form of a design is an object that is able to perceive something from his environment and manner in the form of data. These include smart meters, personal fitness devices and instrumentalized industrial components. Cheap and ubiquitous sensors provide here for the desired effect. But the collection of data, even in the form of big data is not enough.

Based on the sensor pulses objects must be able to respond to their environment – such as a spoiler in carbon fiber at the rear of a race car that comes up when it registers humidity, which requires an increased downforce and better traction on slippery surfaces .

Often in this context is the “Internet of things” is mentioned. This is quite problematic because it just no longer comes to things here – and not necessarily to the Internet. In the center should be what bring the technologies in terms of experience and value creation rather. The smartest things we can design, are those which, in turn collaborating with others to open up new perspectives for the users.

When a whole town full of things and systems infected, perceive, react and can collaborate, new life arises. Such a city independently developed an understanding of the traffic flows and use patterns within the city limits, predicts movements and decide on a re-design of the infrastructure.

The term “Internet of Things” gives a false picture. What is really needed is a “community of Things” – individual entities that were created specifically for their cooperation. This natural and technological approach to further and develop a common positive momentum.

As might look something like this, you can, for example, represent the effects of a nuclear disaster: Traditionally, the scene is cleaned, wrapped in a concrete sarcophagus, or the critical material is buried. Often, the entire area is locked and isolated because the meltdown continues in the coming years and centuries.

Nature shows a different approach here. In Chernobyl, for example, a fungus was found that particularly thrives in radioactive environments. A researcher from Autodesk has set about this radiotrophischen mushroom switch design so that it receives and converts targeted radioactive particles. Thus, the particles can be removed safely.

We are only just beginning. There is much to discover. The possibilities seem limitless, if the potential of nature to be reinforced by the technology and specifically made available. If it is possible products formed which overcome all boundaries between nature and technology and breathe the things around us life.

The article appeared in the original English on Line Shape Space.


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