Monday, August 12, 2013

Paleolithic: The modern man copied in Neanderthals - Times Online

Neanderthals were smarter than thought according to latest research. You probably created a special tool that Homo sapiens copied – and until now used


Four views of the most completely preserved Lissoirs.

Four views of the most completely preserved Lissoirs.

The Neanderthals appear to have built about 50,000 years before the first special tools in Europe. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig and Leiden University in the Netherlands discovered in two Paleolithic archaeological sites in southwest France bone tools. You are Lissoirs very similar to those still used for the processing of leather.

the bone tools sees Shannon McPherron of the Max Planck Institute a proof that Neanderthals had their own technology, which has been attributed to modern humans. Perhaps the modern man even learned from them. With those produced from animal ribs, elongated grinding tools, the Neanderthals made the leather soft and water resistant. They made the pliability and flexibility of bones advantage.


If the Neanderthal bone tools have themselves developed, people might have taken the technology from them. As populated as this Europe, they had only pointed bone tools. But then a little later they set forth Lissoirs. The researchers interpret this as an indication that there was a cultural transfer. Not be ruled out, however, that modern humans arrived in Europe earlier than thought.

This tool was made of ribs of deer.

The tool was made of ribs of deer.

how widespread the Lissoir production in Neandertals was, is not yet understood. In the first three finds it was each a few centimeters long fragments that were barely recognizable as tools. However, they compare it with findings in other archaeological sites, a pattern will be seen, says McPherron. “Last summer, we came across a larger, more complete tool, unmistakably a Lissoir, as we find him in younger sites of modern humans, or even today in a leather workshop.”

micro-wear analysis on one of the bone tools show signs that point to a use of a soft material, such as animal skin. Modern leather workers use similar tools today. “Lissoirs like these are so good for working leather that I 50,000 years after the Neanderthals they made over the Internet could order an almost identical copy,” says Marie Soressi of the University of Leiden.

the abilities of Neanderthals has long puzzled scientists. Some researchers believe that Neanderthals had cultural skills similar to those of modern humans. Others, however, think that these skills occurred only when humans and Neanderthals met. The Neanderthals were supplanted by modern humans in Europe 40,000 years ago.

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