China is on the road to super space nation: even first time in 2013, the People’s Republic will end up with an unmanned space shuttle to the moon with a rover and explore the Earth’s satellite. From Johnny Erling
Beijing authorities have started the countdown for the launch of ambitious moon welfare programs in the country. End of the year is to be the first unmanned moon landing by ferry.
you will send out a self-developed, from the ground-controlled lunar rover on three-month test-drive and explore it and let the national flag hoisted on the moon: “We are preparing to launch the launcher with the lander and rover on the moon on board, “stated the State Agency for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense announced.
As the official news agency Xinhua reported, will start the named after a legendary Chinese moon fairy “Chang’e I” lunar exploration program on satellite space station Xichang in southwest China. With the Chang’e-3 will start the second of three phases in the Chinese lunar journey, stand for the three abbreviations: Rao (the lunar orbit), Luo (land on him) and Hui (return from the Moon)
The first phase of China has launched in 2007 and 2010 with the previous projects Chang’e-1 and Chang’e-2 behind. Both spacecraft orbited over a year, the Earth’s satellite systematically in order to measure him for a complete topographic map of the surface and to select a specific landing site for their lunar module into the so-called Rainbow bays of the moon.
ferry is already in just over three months to land
Now the Chang’e-3 will land there in just four months. “For their transport is improved and proven launch vehicle available,” Xinhua quoted the commander of the trip to the moon program, Ma Xingrui.
For the lunar module itself new technologies have been developed, particularly to ensure a soft landing. But he warned: “The mission is extremely difficult and associated with great risks.”
Chinese media speak of a “milestone” for the ambitious Aufholprogramm the country – more than 45 years after the first manned U.S. moon landing. After a successful landing of Chang’e-3, which remains on the moon, at least two unmanned ferries, Chang’e Chang’e-5-4 and follow to take rock samples and these ferries and then from 2017 to to bring back Earth.
Only after that China’s space could prepare to send to a yet undetermined time after 2020, the first time a Chinese astronaut on the Earth’s satellite.
The decision for the first unmanned moon landing was before the year according to the “People’s Daily” a day after the new leadership in Beijing had set the date for their planned major economic party. In November, the Party Central Committee will meet to decide on China’s new economic reform programs to advance its economic and social development to the symbolic date of 2020.
Prestigious Aerospace and military calculus
Beijing’s goal is by 2020 to make the People’s Republic from developing countries to wealthy great power and turn it into a rich world power in the second stage by 2050. The prestigious space, behind which is also military and economic calculus, based on these policy guidelines.
The expansion into space is based on three pillars: the, launched in 2003, the Shenzhou manned space missions, begun on the construction of a space laboratory Tiangong-from which to 2020, the first own space station will emerge and the Chang’e lunar exploration program.
China remains tight-lipped when it comes to the cost of the giant state project. According to the official business newspaper “Jingji Ribao” provide several hundred thousand people in 110 laboratories and research institutions in the country among active employees of approximately 3,000 companies and businesses.
The real costs are completely transparent. After a few official figures, the manned space flight to date with ten Shenzhou missions supposedly only 39 billion yuan (4.6 billion euros) and the Chang’e 1 and 2 have tasted of the moon exploration program together 2.3 billion yuan. Other details were not disclosed.
Manned Moon mission planned station and moon
for the manned moon trip there, according to the chief scientist of the lunar program, Ouyang Ziyuan, no concrete schedule, announced “Shanghai Daily”. In planning for the trip to the moon program is after a landing of astronauts also planned the construction of a lunar base.
over there built telescope and telecommunications equipment will explore space and Mars for further expeditions in the future of China from the moon scientists.
The immediate goals, however, are down to earth. Chang’e-3 will carry China’s national flag and hoist spectacular on the earth satellite, announced the chief engineer of the lunar program, Ye Peijian, on the outskirts of Beijing at parliamentary sessions last March.
The making of the flag, the researchers would have faced problems because they must withstand the extreme temperature fluctuations to minus 170 degrees in the prolonged night periods.
lunar rover was tested in the Gobi Desert
China’s space scientists go anyway safe: The Chang’e-3 will orbit the moon to its landing over 400,000 kilometers to an altitude of 15 kilometers, to ensure is when and where it lands. To the predetermined place in the bay of the rainbow (sine Iridium) there was four other alternatives.
than five years, in February 2008, the project had been prepared, Wu Weiren, one of the chief engineers and designers said. The approximately 100 kilograms, equipped with solar panels moon vehicle, which was tested in the Gobi desert to be conducted by remote control from Earth.
greatest concern of scientist: China’s lunar rover, which should be at least three months in use, must be zurückdirigiert repeatedly in the protection of the ferry before it gets icy nights. And he must on no account fall into a moon crater or a lunar trench.